Introduction

All requests made by Plivo to your server URLs consist of a X-Plivo-Signature-V2, X-Plivo-Signature-Ma-V2, and X-Plivo-Signature-V2-Nonce HTTP headers. To validate the request and to verify that the request to your server has originated from Plivo, you must generate the signature at your end and compare it with X-Plivo-Signature-V2 or X-Plivo-Signature-Ma-V2 parameter in the HTTP header and check whether they are identical.

Note:
  • You can either use X-Plivo-Signature-V2 or X-Plivo-Signature-Ma-V2to validate the signature
  • X-Plivo-Signature-V2 is generated using the Auth Token of the associated Main Account or Sub-Account. To validate using X-Plivo-Signature-V2 request header, you must generate the signature at your end using the same Main Account or Sub-Account.
  • X-Plivo-Signature-Ma-V2 is always generated using the Auth Token of the Main Account. To validate using X-Plivo-Signature-Ma-V2 request header, you must generate the signature using the Main account.

Generating and Validating the Signature

You can generate the signature by calculating the Keyed-Hash Message Authentication Code (HMAC) with the following parameters:

  • Key - Your Plivo Auth Token
  • Message - Base URI appended with X-Plivo-Signature-V2-Nonce.
  • Hashing Function - SHA256

For example, if the base URI is “http://foo.com/answer/” and X-Plivo-Signature-V2-Nonce is “05429567804466091622”, the message will be “http://foo.com/answer/05429567804466091622”

Validating signatures using the latest server SDKs

To validate and verify that the request to your server has originated from Plivo, you must compare the generated signature with X-Plivo-Signature-V2 parameter in the HTTP header and check whether they are identical. You also require your auth_token, X-Plivo-Signature-V2-Nonce, and the original URL of your server to which callback has been sent.

Code

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from flask import Flask, request, make_response, url_for
import plivo

app = Flask(__name__)

@app.route('/receive_sms/', methods =['GET','POST'])
def signature():
    signature = request.headers.get('X-Plivo-Signature-V2')
    nonce = request.headers.get('X-Plivo-Signature-V2-Nonce')
    uri = url_for('signature', _external=True)
    auth_token = "Your_Auth_Token"
    
    output = plivo.utils.validate_signature(uri,nonce,signature,auth_token)
    print(output)

    from_number = request.values.get('From') # Sender's phone numer
    to_number = request.values.get('To') # Receiver's phone number - Plivo number
    text = request.values.get('Text') # The text which was received

    print('Message received - From: %s, To: %s, Text: %s' %(from_number, to_number, text))
    return "Text received"

if __name__ == "__main__":
    app.run(host='0.0.0.0', debug=True)
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require 'sinatra'
require 'rubygems'
require 'plivo'
include Plivo
require 'uri'

get '/receive_sms/' do
    auth_token = "Your_Auth_Token"
    signature = request.env["HTTP_X_PLIVO_SIGNATURE_V2"]
    nonce = request.env["HTTP_X_PLIVO_SIGNATURE_V2_NONCE"]
    url = request.url
    uri = (url.split("?"))[0]
    
    output = Plivo::Utils.valid_signature?(uri,nonce,signature,auth_token)
    puts output

    from_number = params[:From]# The phone number of the person who sent the SMS
    to_number = params[:To]# Your Plivo number that will receive the SMS
    text = params[:Text]# The text which was received on your Plivo number

    puts "Message received from #{from_number} : #{ text }"
end
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var plivo = require('plivo');
var express = require('express');
var app = express();

app.set('port', (process.env.PORT || 5000));
app.use(express.static(__dirname + '/public'));
app.use(express.urlencoded({ extended: true }))

app.all('/receive_sms/', function(req, res) {
    
    var auth_token = ('Your_AUTH_TOKEN');
    var signature = req.get('X-Plivo-Signature-V2');
    var nonce = req.get('X-Plivo-Signature-V2-Nonce');
    var fullUrl = req.protocol + '://' + req.get('host') + req.originalUrl;

    var from_number = req.body.From;// Sender's phone number
    var to_number = req.body.To;// Receiver's phone number - Plivo number
    var text = req.body.Text;// The text which was received

    var output = plivo.validateSignature(fullUrl, nonce, signature, auth_token)
    console.log(output);
    
    console.log ('From : ' + from_number + ' To : ' + to_number + ' Text : ' + text);

});

app.listen(app.get('port'), function() {
    console.log('Node app is running on port', app.get('port'));
});
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<?php
    require 'vendor/autoload.php';
    use Plivo\Util\signatureValidation;

    $auth_token = "Your_Auth_Token";
    $signature = $_SERVER["HTTP_X_PLIVO_SIGNATURE_V2"];
    $nonce = $_SERVER["HTTP_X_PLIVO_SIGNATURE_V2_NONCE"];
    
    $url = 'http' . (isset($_SERVER['HTTPS']) ? 's' : '') . '://' . "{$_SERVER['HTTP_HOST']}{$_SERVER['REQUEST_URI']}";
    $uri = explode('?',$url);   
    $uri1 = $uri[0];    

    $SVUtil = new signatureValidation();
    $output = $SVUtil->validateSignature($uri1,$nonce,$signature,$auth_token);
    var_export($output);
    
    $from_number = $_REQUEST["From"];// Sender's phone numer
    $to_number = $_REQUEST["To"];// Receiver's phone number - Plivo number
    $text = $_REQUEST["Text"];// The SMS text message which was received
    
    echo("Message received from $from_number : $text");
?>
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package plivoexample;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.net.URLDecoder;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.LinkedHashMap;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

import com.plivo.api.util.Utils;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.security.InvalidKeyException;
import java.security.NoSuchAlgorithmException;

import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

import org.eclipse.jetty.server.Server;
import org.eclipse.jetty.servlet.ServletContextHandler;
import org.eclipse.jetty.servlet.ServletHolder;

import com.plivo.helper.util.*;

public class validateSignature extends HttpServlet {
    private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;
    @Override
    protected void doPost(HttpServletRequest req, HttpServletResponse resp) 
            throws ServletException, IOException {
        String auth_token = "Your_AUTH_TOKEN";
        String signature = req.getHeader("X-Plivo-Signature-V2");
        String nonce = req.getHeader("X-Plivo-Signature-V2-Nonce");
        String url = req.getRequestURL().toString();
        
        try {
            Boolean isValid = XPlivoSignature.verify(url, nonce, signature, auth_token);
            System.out.println("Valid : " + isValid);
        } catch (PlivoException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        
        String from_number = req.getParameter("From");
        String to_number = req.getParameter("To");
        String text = req.getParameter("Text");
        System.out.println("From : " + from_number + " To : " + to_number + " Text : " + text);       
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        String port = System.getenv("PORT");
        if(port==null)
            port ="8080";
        Server server = new Server(Integer.valueOf(port));
        ServletContextHandler context = new ServletContextHandler(ServletContextHandler.SESSIONS);
        context.setContextPath("/");
        server.setHandler(context);
        context.addServlet(new ServletHolder(new validateSignature()),"/receive_sms");
        server.start();
        server.join();
    }
}
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package main

import (
	"fmt"
	"net/http"

	"github.com/plivo/plivo-go"
)

func handler(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {

	originalurl := "http://" + r.Host + r.URL.Path
	authToken := "Your_AUTH_TOKEN"
	signature := r.Header.Get("X-Plivo-Signature-V2")
	nonce := r.Header.Get("X-Plivo-Signature-V2-Nonce")
	fromnumber := r.FormValue("From")
	tonumber := r.FormValue("To")
	text := r.FormValue("Text")

	response := plivo.ValidateSignatureV2(
		originalurl,
		nonce,
		signature,
		authToken,
	)
	fmt.Printf("Response: %#v\n", response)

	print("Message Received - ", fromnumber, " ", tonumber, " ", text)
}

func main() {
	http.HandleFunc("/receive_sms/", handler)
	http.ListenAndServe(":8080", nil)
}
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using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Diagnostics;
using RestSharp;
using Plivo.Utilities;
using Nancy;

namespace validateSignature
{
    public class Program : NancyModule
    {
        public Program()
        {
            Get["/receive_sms/"] = x =>
            {
                IEnumerable<string> signature = Request.Headers["X-Plivo-Signature-V2"];
                String[] sign = (String[])signature;
                String actualsignature = sign[0];

                IEnumerable<string> nonce = Request.Headers["X-Plivo-Signature-V2-Nonce"];
                String[] key = (String[])nonce;
                String actualnonce = key[0];

                String auth_token = "Your_AUTH_TOKEN";
                String url = Request.Url.SiteBase + Request.Url.Path;

                bool valid = Plivo.Utilities.XPlivoSignatureV2.VerifySignature(url, actualnonce, actualsignature, auth_token);
                Debug.WriteLine("Valid : " + valid);
                
                String from_number = Request.Query["From"];
                String to_number = Request.Query["To"];
                String text = Request.Query["Text"];

                Debug.WriteLine("From : {0}, To : {1}, Text : {2}", from_number, to_number, text);
                Console.ReadLine(); 
                return "OK";
            };
        }
    }
}